Grant Writing

Grant Resources

Although some grants are available to provide financial support for the operational expenses of organizations, most funders request and fund grant proposals that seek some form of program or project support. Generally, project grants are given to support the explicit goals, objectives, and connected activities of a specific project within a clear time frame and for a predetermined cost. Some common types include:

  • Planning Grants (support initial project development work)
  • Start-up Grants (help new organizations or programs in their first few years)
  • Technical Assistance Grants (support an organization’s administrative costs, such as fund raising, marketing, financial management, etc.)
  • Facilities and Equipment Grants (help an organization buy some long-lasting physical asset — a building, computer or van, for instance that will help it serve its clients better)

Foundations usually support an organization’s activities that reflect their current interests and are likely to have wide effect; support is not normally given for routine operating costs of institutions or for religious activities. In some instances, the foundation requires the grantee organization to match the foundation’s grant with funds from other sources. Go to the websites of these foundations to learn specific details about projects they have funded in the past and whether or not your program and project ideas are compatible with their funding goals.

More than 1,000 grant programs are offered by 26 federal grant-making agencies, and these programs fall into 21 categories. If you work for a government, education, public housing, non-profit, and for-profit (other than small businesses) organization or a small business that meets the size standards that the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) has established for most industries in the economy, you may be eligible to apply for grant funding. New York State also provides grant resources to individuals and organizations through its Department of Education, Council on the Arts, etc., at the state, regional and local levels.